Meditation works as well as common Rx drugs for anxiety, even reversing damage and making your brain less anxiety-prone. Learn the best ways to meditate.
It’s human nature to worry.
Being on the constant lookout for danger kept our ancestors safe and alive.
But in the modern world, having a hypervigilant mind does you little good.
It causes the fear center of your brain to grow larger and more reactive, leading to a vicious cycle of worry and anxiety.
Anxiety disorders affect about 40 million Americans. (1)
Standard medical treatments for anxiety are anti-anxiety medications, cognitive behavioral therapy, or a combination of both.
Therapy is time-consuming and expensive.
Anti-anxiety medications work fast, but are some of the most addictive substances around and are not intended for long-term use.
If you feel like your brain is running on a hamster wheel of “what ifs” and worries, you may be looking for drug-free solution.
The answer may be as simple as meditation.
In fact, the latest research shows that meditation works as well as commonly prescribed anti-anxiety medications! (2)
Even if you’ve never meditated before, you can train your brain to be less anxious — starting today.
How Anxiety and Meditation Change Your Brain
Anxiety doesn’t just make you feel bad, it actually changes the structure and function of your brain.
It decreases the size of the hippocampus, the part of the brain considered the seat of the memory.
Conversely, it increases the size of the amygdala, the area of the brain responsible for the fear response, causing you to become even more anxious and fearful.
Stress, fear and anxiety trigger the release of stress hormones and cause imbalances in neurotransmitters, chemicals that brain cells use to communicate with each other. (3)
It’s been known for thousands of years that meditation can help you relax.
But meditation does much more than that.
Meditation, like anxiety, changes the structure and function of your brain (but in a healthy, productive way).
A regular meditation practice not only can reduce anxiety symptoms, it also can reverse the damage caused by anxiety.
With the latest neuroimaging techniques, these changes can be tracked and measured.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University sifted through over 18,000 mindfulness meditation studies to determine its most effective uses.
They concluded that the number one use for meditation was anxiety relief. (4)
Other studies support that meditation benefits mental disorders of all kinds including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, binge eating disorder, bipolar disorder and addictions. (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)
Here are some of the powerful ways meditation improves your brain and mental well-being.
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Meditation Breaks Anxious Thought Patterns
A primary way that meditation helps anxiety is by breaking negative thought patterns.
As anyone with anxiety will attest, racing thoughts create a vicious cycle of worry and anxiety.
Breaking the vicious cycle of obsessive, negative thinking is where meditation really shines.
Meditation can reduce rumination, even in those with lifelong mood disorders. (11)
Meditation can alter the way your brain responds to stress. (14)
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Any habit is hard to break because of the strong neural pathway that’s created through constant repetition.
And few habits are harder to break than negative patterns of self-talk.
Fortunately, your brain has an endless capacity to change, a characteristic known as neuroplasticity.
Meditation trains you to view your thoughts differently.
You learn to recognize and stop “mental time travel” — worrying about the future and pondering the past.
Instead of following a worrying thought down the path of all possible negative outcomes, you learn to recognize it for what it is — one thought — and then let it go.
And by creating a new thought pattern, you are training your brain to be less anxious. (17)
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Meditation Balances Brain Chemicals
No one know for sure what causes anxiety.
Risk factors include basic personality type, emotional trauma, and even your genes.
There’s also evidence that anxiety can be caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals brought on by severe or prolonged stress. (18)
A meditation practice can help restore an optimal balance of neurotransmitters.
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Meditation increases the level of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), a neurotransmitter essential for feeling happy and relaxed.
Feeling anxious, easily overstimulated, and overwhelmed are common signs that you might be low in GABA. (19)
Meditation can lift your mood by increasing levels of serotonin, another neurotransmitter vital to happiness. (20)
Meditation also reduces cortisol, a stress hormone that, in excess, significantly contributes to anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and memory loss. (21)
Meditation Builds a Healthier Brain
Meditation can build a bigger, healthier brain.
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Meditation Reduces Brain Inflammation
Cytokines are chemical messengers that regulate your immune response.
Elevated cytokine levels are responsible for chronic inflammation, including inflammation of the brain, and are associated with anxiety, depression and other mood disorders. (31)
You’d think changing genes would take a long time, but measurable changes can be detected after as few as eight hours of meditation. (34)
Why Mindfulness Meditation Excels at Anxiety Relief
Mindfulness meditation is one of many styles of meditation.
Research finds it especially helpful for anxiety, even more so than other forms of meditation. (35)
It’s widely considered the best beginner’s meditation since it’s easy to do, effective, and requires no special training to get started.
It’s the meditation of choice among people who regularly face unusual levels of stress.
The U.S. Marines use mindfulness to reduce overall on-the-job stress, minimize the effects of post-traumatic stress, and improve performance. (38)
Award-winning ABC news anchor Dan Harris is now an outspoken proponent of the benefits of mindfulness meditation after experiencing a scary on-the-air anxiety attack. (39)
His meditation practice was instrumental in overcoming anxiety and panic attacks.
But he wasn’t always a fan of meditation.
Initially, he was extremely skeptical and resisted meditating for a long time.
He admitted in an interview with Charlie Rose that he was initially turned off by “self-help gurus making pseudoscientific claims.”
Getting Started: A Breathing Mindfulness Meditation
Meditation doesn’t have to take a lot of time.
As little as 10 minutes per day is a reasonable goal.
According to Leo Babauta, founder of Zen Habits, even as little as 2 minutes per day is of value since it will help form a meditation habit you can stick with.
Start with a basic breathing mindfulness meditation.
Practiced regularly, it will train your brain to stop jumping around and stay focused on the present.
Here’s how it’s done.
Sit quietly with your eyes closed.
Breathe normally and simply notice your breath.
Saying to yourself “breathing in, breathing out” can help keep other thoughts at bay.
When you notice a random thought, simply label it as “a thought” and gently bring your attention back to your breath.
Most people new to meditation erroneously believe that if they’ve had thoughts while meditating they have failed.
But the goal of meditation is not to have no thoughts.
Instead, the objective is to simply notice thoughts when they arise and gently push them aside.
Scientifically optimized music to help you focus
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The Benefits of Guided Meditation for Anxiety
If meditation has so much to offer, you might wonder why everyone isn’t doing it.
Meditation is one of those things that falls into the “simple but not easy” category.
Quieting the mind — sometimes aptly referred to as a “random thought generator” — is not an easy task!
Unfortunately, many people give up on meditation because they can’t quiet their thoughts, they aren’t sure they are doing it right, or they aren’t getting the results they’d hoped for.
But with a guided meditation, you don’t have to go it alone.
You can follow along with an experienced meditation teacher who will guide you into a relaxed, meditative state.
Sources for Guided Meditations to Relieve Anxiety
There are as many kinds of guided meditations as there are types of meditation.
Basically any meditation that is done with the help of a guide, either in person or, more commonly, via an online sound file or digital download, is a guided meditation.
You don’t have to look far to find an array of guided meditations online, many of them free.
University Stress Relief Resources
One surprisingly good source for stress and anxiety relief help is college websites.
Many major universities make stress reduction resources available for their students and anyone else who visits their website.
You’ll find relaxation exercises of all kinds including guided imagery, brainwave entrainment, autogenic training, progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness meditation and more.
A bonus is that most of these are created by trained health care professionals.
Here’s a list of university websites with some of the resources you’ll find there:
Brigham Young University Counseling and Psychological Services offers a good selection of guided meditations of all kinds. Browse through their breathing, mindfulness and visualization meditations, as well as their progressive muscle relaxation and self-hypnosis digital downloads, all of which are effective in treating anxiety.
Dartmouth College Student Wellness Centre has dozens of meditations that include deep breathing, visualization, guided imagery and progressive relaxation exercises.
University of Wisconsin – Madison University Health Services provides 18 relaxation meditations. Several are only 2 minute long, perfect for a quick break or to create a daily meditation habit.
UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center has a selection of meditations that includes breathing and sleep meditations. Most include a transcript in case you’d like to record them in your own voice. They also have a library of meditation videos.
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McMaster University Student Wellness Center has guided mindfulness videos.
In the University of Houston Counseling Services student portal you’ll find visualization and guided imagery meditations.
University of Iowa has an online Mind/Body Spa with guided relaxation and stress reduction exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, healing and mindfulness meditations, and other activities.
University of Illinois McKinley Health Center offers guided imagery and deep breathing meditations as well as progressive muscle relaxation.
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center recommends that cancer patients use guided imagery along with conventional medical treatments to reduce the stress and anxiety that accompany the disease and treatment. Their research shows that meditation can also improve sleep, boost immune function, and ease pain. Their guided imagery library is available online for everyone.
Other Sources for Meditations for Anxiety
Udemy is the world’s largest marketplace for online courses.
My quick search for “guided meditation for anxiety” revealed hundreds of results.
Most are in the $10 range and many were free.
Udemy offers an excellent selection of complete courses.
Some are very specific, such as overcoming performance anxiety or meditations for specific health conditions.
You can find dozens of guided meditations for anxiety on the free music streaming service Spotify.
Just enter the term guided meditation in the search box.
You’ll find guided meditations specifically for sleep, stress, pain relief and more.
Deepak Chopra is a medical doctor, but is mostly known as a mind-body pioneer and one of the most famous proponents of meditation in the world.
You’ll find a handful of free guided meditations for all situations on his website Chopra.com.
At Zen12.com, you can download free guided meditations and brainwave entrainment meditations with your choice of background music, white noise or nature sounds.
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Meditation Apps for Anxiety
Buddhify is an award-winning app with over 80 custom guided meditations.
Deepak Chopra’s meditation app Ananda contains 22 guided meditations and 22 musical tracks that you can mix and match.
The Mindfulness App has guided meditations by notable meditation teachers including Jon Kabat-Zinn, Eckhart Tolle and Sharon Salzberg.
Moving Meditations for Severe Anxiety
Unfortunately, some people find meditation makes their anxiety worse. (40)
But that doesn’t mean you should give up on meditation.
Consider moving meditations instead.
One of simplest, most accessible moving meditations is mindful walking. (41)
For a unique meditation experience, try walking a labyrinth.
There are a surprising number of labyrinths open to the public.
You can find a labyrinth near you at LabyrinthLocator.com.
There are structured moving meditation practices — tai chi, qi gong, yoga, or any of the martial arts.
Note that you can train yourself to be mindful when doing any activity.
(Recall the classic “wax on, wax off” scene in the movie Karate Kid where waxing a car becomes a mindfulness meditation.)
You can mindfully eat, make tea, do the dishes, or brush your teeth.
For more ideas, check out this list of 40 Ways to Bring Mindfulness to Your Days.
When to Talk to Your Doctor About Anxiety
There’s overwhelming evidence that meditation is an excellent tool for reducing anxiety.
The National Institutes of Health acknowledges that meditation is safe and effective for anxiety, yet they caution that due to the “lack of supporting research data, meditation cannot currently be recommended as a principal treatment for anxiety disorders.” (42, 43)
So don’t expect your doctor to write you a prescription for meditation anytime soon!
So, if you currently take any medication for your anxiety, do not stop taking it before talking to your doctor.
Meditation will not take the place of your medication immediately.
However, you may find you are able to take less of it over time as your meditation practice kicks in.
Create a reasonable tapering plan with your doctor if reducing or eliminating your anti-anxiety medication is your goal.
Meditation for Anxiety: The Bottom Line
The evidence is overwhelming — meditation is one of the best ways to tame anxiety.
It does more than temporarily help you relax.
It works on a deep level by changing the function and structure of your brain.
Meditation actually reprograms your brain to be less anxious.
Mindfulness meditation requires no special training and can bring noticeable anxiety relief in as little as 10 minutes a day.
Learning to quiet your mind can be challenging, but guided meditations make it easy.
They let you tap into the wisdom and expertise of the world’s best meditation teachers, often for free.
If you happen to feel more anxious when you meditate, switch to moving meditations.
There are endless meditation options available online, so you can easily experiment to find which ones work best for you.